Common Causes of Trigger Finger and Available Treatment

Did you know that trigger finger is one of the most common reasons that patients come to our practice? Trigger finger happens most frequently to sufferers of rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, and gout, but anyone can get trigger finger. Here’s what you need to know.

What Is Trigger Finger?

Trigger finger, also called trigger thumb, is actually a condition called stenosing tenosynovitis. This condition prevents the finger or thumb from fully extending. Tenons work with connective tissues to pull the finger back with the joint. Trigger finger thickens these connective tissues, making it difficult or impossible for the tendon to move properly, which results in not being able to straighten the digit.

Symptoms of Trigger Finger

There are many different symptoms that can show in the early stages of trigger finger. But if you don’t know you need to see a doctor, your symptoms might be more severe by the time you seek treatment. Some of the earliest symptoms include:

  • Soreness at the base of the digit
  • Bump or lump on the base of the digit
  • Tenderness at the base of your finger
  • Clicking or snapping noise when the joint moves
  • Finger stiffness

Even though most people tend to put off seemingly minor health issues, you should see a doctor right away for treatment if you notice these signs of trigger finger. We may be able to offer faster and more effective treatment.

What Causes Trigger Finger?

Trigger finger can be caused by a number of activities, and it is often not known exactly why someone has developed trigger finger. The most common activities that cause trigger finger include:

  • Gardening, pruning, clipping
  • Playing a musical instrument
  • Making jewelry or other manipulation of small pieces
  • Sewing, embroidery, crocheting

This is by far not an exhaustive list, but does include most of the things that people usually do that lead to trigger finger. 

Treating Trigger Finger

The most effective treatment for trigger finger is surgical release. During the in-office hand surgery, the doctor will pare down the connective tissues, releasing the tendon while keeping the finger bent and allowing it to move freely as it should. This surgery is out-patient, in-office, and usually covered by health insurance. 

Contact us today if you want to learn more about trigger finger and how we can help.